After the Civil War: Reconstruction

Here, we have a series of increasingly radical reforms, which eventually peters out as the politicians turn from freedom-fighting to industry (and we move into the Gilded Age). On the bright side, we abolish slavery (13th), grant naturalization rights (14th), and enfranchise more people (men) than ever (15th)!

Presidential Reconstruction

  1. Lincoln’s plan
    1. 10% of all registered voters swear loyalty
    2. Accept the provisions of the Emancipation Proclamation
    3. Very lenient
    4. Wade-Davis Bill
      1. Maj. of voters required to wear allegiance + support of union in Iron Clad Oath by sending delegates to the Constitutional Convention—must prove that they were loyal

i.      Planter class v poor whites

  1. Abolish slavery, repudiate war debts
  2. No suffrage for confed leaders
  3. Johnson’s “Restoration Plan”
    1. Repudiate debts
    2. Ratify 13th
    3. Maj. must pledge allegiance/grant suffrage to planters who get pardon

i.      Based on forgiveness: crush the cult of honor

ii.      Pay $120k

Radical Reconstruction [VETOED]

  1. 10/11à 5 military zones (min of 20k troops per zone)
  2. Ratify 14th
  3. Ratify 15th
  4. Disenfranchising the confed elite
  5. Accept Civil Rights Act of 1866
    1. Destroy black codes (enforce idv rights)
    2. AA citizenship

Why so harsh? Racial Profiling:

  1. Black codes
  2. Crop lien
  3. Segregated schools
  4. KKK
  5. Landlords in sharecropping/tenancy
  6. Antimongrel laws (bans interracial marriage)
  7. Lynching
  8. Vagrancy laws
    1. In debt = no move
    2. Debts are passed on
    3. Illegal to be unemployed
    4. Convict-lease (farming off debts to society)

10. Child labor laws ßparents are unfit, so they become wards of the state and are sent to the farms to work

Everyone hates Johnson

  1. Vetoed everything
  2. No active enforcement (Freedmen’s Bureau)
  3. Not radical enough

Redemption

Why?

  1. Panic of 1873
  2. Social Darwinism
  3. Democrats win House majority
  4. Change in National Agenda
  5. àIndustry
  6. WE’RE TIRED

Compromise of 1877

  1. 1 south dem for cabinet
  2. Tax and RRR—General internal improvements
  3. Control for Fed. patronage in S
  4. Remove troops from the South

 

Remnants:

KKK terrorism

disenfranchisement: poll taxes, literacy tests, “grandfather clauses”

“Jim Crow”—segregation in public facilities (especially in 1890s)

lynchings in 1890s

Booker T. Washington (“accommodation”) vs. W. E. B. Du Bois (immediate equality – Niagara Movement)

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2 responses to “After the Civil War: Reconstruction

  1. Pingback: Map of the US History Guide | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

  2. Pingback: The Civil War | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

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