Colonial Period: Major Events and Issues

Split between 17th and 18th centuries. Be able to answer how this impacts American Society. This is literally a just list of CDs. It’s up to you to determine which ones you know or don’t know.

  • 17th Century major events and issues
    • Democratic trends
      • House of Burgesses: first parliamentary gov’t in America
      • Pilgrims: Mayflower Compact
      • Puritans: townhall meetings, all male church members vote
      • Rhode Island: Roger Williams – “liberty of conscience”
      • Fundamental Orders, 1639: 1st written constitution in America
      • Maryland Act of Toleration, 1649
      • “Holy Experiment” in Pennsylvania (after 1681)
      • Bacon’s Rebellion, 1675 (Virginia)
      • Leisler’s Rebellion, 1691 (New York)
    • Trends toward colonial unity
      • New England Confederation, 1643: defense against Indians (King Philip’s War)
      • Cambridge Platform: New England colonies met to create guidelines for Congregational Church
      • Defeat of the Dominion of New England, 1689: Andros removed
  • 18th Century major events and issues
    • Three colonial regions similar in character to 17th century
    • How are 18th century colonies different?:
      • Society is more hierarchical (remember the social triangle!)
      • By 1775, 20% African (most were slaves); lower % of indentured servants
      • Puritans no longer dominate New England (esp. after Salem Witch Trials); Congregational Church is open to almost everyone
      • Scots-Irish inhabit frontier areas—battle Indians
      • GA is a haven for debtors
      • Much larger population (2.5 million by 1775)
    • Triangular Trade: colonists ignore Navigation Laws; massive smuggling
    • Great Awakening (1740s): 1st mass movement in colonies; “Old Lights” vs. “New Lights”
    • Democratic trends
      • “Salutary Neglect”: 1713-1763
      • Colonial assemblies (representative gov’t); governors paid by assemblies
      • Zenger case, 1736
      • Regulator Movement, 1739 (N. Carolina); Paxton Boys, 1764
      • Enlightenment philosophy: natural rights – life, liberty, property
    • Trends toward colonial unity
      • Ben Franklin’s Albany Plan for Union, 1754 (during French and Indian War)
      • Stamp Act Congress, 1765
      • Massachusetts Circular Letter, 1767 (in response to Townshend Acts)
      • Boston Massacre, 1770
      • Committees of Correspondence, 1772-73
      • First Continental Congress, 1774: The Association
      • Lexington and Concord, 1775
      • Second Continental Congress, 1775
      • Bunker Hill, 1775
      • Common Sense, Thomas Paine
      • Declaration of Independence, 1776
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2 responses to “Colonial Period: Major Events and Issues

  1. Pingback: Map of the US History Guide | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

  2. Pingback: Colonial Period | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

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