Impacts of the European Takeover

Impact of Contact on Native Americans and Europeans

Summary of relations:

  • France: sought trade with Indians (fur); Jesuit missionaries sought to convert them
  • Spain: sought to Christianize Indians; forced labor: encomienda system in towns; hacienda system in rural areas.
  • England: sought to remove or exterminate Indians; English settlers ultimately successful

90% of Native Americans died between 1492 and 1600

Europeans introduced horses, guns, alcohol, Christianity

Indians introduced potatoes, corn, cocoa, coffee

Impact of “salutary neglect”

Increased power of colonial assemblies

Success of illegal triangular trade

American’s unwilling to later accept increased control by Britain

American religion free to pursue its own course.

 

First Great Awakening: (1740s)

First mass social movement in American history

Revitalizes Christianity

Fracturing of denominations between “old light” and “new light” views.

Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield

Rebellions in American History

Farmer Rebellions:

Bacon’s Rebellion, 1686 in Virginia

Leisler’s Rebellion, 1791 in New York

Paxton Boys, 1764 in Philadelphia

Regulator Movement, 1771 in North Carolina

Shays’ Rebellion, 1787 in Massachusetts

Whiskey Rebellion, 1794 in Pennsylvania

Slave Rebellions:

Stono Rebellion, 1739

Gabriel Prosser’s Rebellion, 1800

Denmark Vesey Conspiracy, 1822

Nat Turner’s Rebellion, 1831

Molly Maguires, 1870s

Race Riots in response African migration to the north during WWI and to the north and west during and after WWII; 1919 (“Red Summer”)

1960s: “The Long Hot Summers” — Watts Riots, 1965; Detroit Riots, 1967 AIM, Wounded Knee 1972

French and Indian War (Seven Years’ War) – 1756-1763

Cause: Washington’s Ohio Mission and subsequent dispute over Ohio Valley Region

Important Events:

Albany Plan (Benjamin Franklin)

Battle of Quebec (1760): Montcalm and Wolfe

Results: Treaty of Paris, 1763 — France kicked out of North America

End of “salutary neglect”:  Proclamation of 1763 (response to Pontiac’s Rebellion)

All of THAT leads up to the American Revolution.

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2 responses to “Impacts of the European Takeover

  1. Pingback: Map of the US History Guide | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

  2. Pingback: Colonial Period | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

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