The American Revolution

American Revolution

Pretty                Proclamation of 1763

Silly                    Stamp Act, 1765

Tammy             Townshend Act, 1767

Baked                Boston Massacre, 1770

Tea                    Tea Act, 1773

Cookies             Committees of Correspondence

Inside                Intolerable Acts, 1774

Freshly              First Continental Congress, 1774

Layered              Lexington and Concord, 1775

Spicy                 Second Continental Congress, 1775

Dung                 Declaration of Independence, 1776

 

Some fun things:

* T. Paine wrote Common Sense.

tpainbio

* Patrick Henry’s famous quote:

“Give me liberty, or give me death!”

* George Washington disappoint. (his farewell address)

Major Battles:

Lexington and Concord, 1775

Bunker Hill, 1775

Trenton, 1776

Saratoga, 1777

Yorktown, 1781

Results: Treaty of Paris (1783) – U.S. gained all land east of Mississippi River (excluding Canada and Florida)

 

Change in Society due to the American Revolution:

*Many conservative Loyalists no longer in America; paved way for more democratic reforms in state governments

*Rise of anti-slavery societies in all the northern states (including Virginia): Slavery eradicated in most northern states by 1800; slavery not allowed above Ohio River in the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, slave trade to be abolished in 1808.

*By 1860, 250,000 free blacks lived in the North, but were disliked by many

*Several states forbade entrance of blacks, most blacks denied right to vote, and some states barred blacks from public schools.

*Thousands of slaves in the South were freed after the Revolution and became free blacks (Washington and Jefferson freed some slaves)

*Slavery remained strong in the South, especially after 1793 (cotton gin)

*Stronger emphasis on equality: public hatred of Cincinnati Society

*However, equality did not triumph until much later due to tenant farming, poor rights for women and children, slavery, and land requirements for voting and office holding (although reduced) were not eliminated.

*Further reduction of land-holding requirements for voting began to occur in 1820s.

*End of primogeniture and entail before 1800.

*Separation of Church and State: Jefferson’s Virginia Statute on Religious Freedom, 1786

*Anglican Church replaced by a disestablished Episcopal church in much of the South.

*Congregational churches in New England slower to disestablish (CT in 1818, MA in 1833)

*State governments: weak governors, strong legislatures, judicial branch

*sovereignty of states, republicanism

*Indians no longer enjoyed British protection and became subject to US westward expansion

*Women did not enjoy increased rights (fucking patriarchy)

  • feme covert: women could not own property in marriage or sue or be sued in court

Ideal of “Republican Motherhood” took hold: women now seen as morally superior and should raise virtuous citizens for the republic.

And with our newly established freedom from British tyranny and a distrust of executive power, we create the Articles of Confederation.

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2 responses to “The American Revolution

  1. Pingback: Map of the US History Guide | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

  2. Pingback: Impacts of the European Takeover | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

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