Pretty Proclamation of 1763
Silly Stamp Act, 1765
Tammy Townshend Act, 1767
Baked Boston Massacre, 1770
Tea Tea Act, 1773
Cookies Committees of Correspondence
Inside Intolerable Acts, 1774
Freshly First Continental Congress, 1774
Layered Lexington and Concord, 1775
Spicy Second Continental Congress, 1775
Dung Declaration of Independence, 1776
Some fun things:
* T. Paine wrote Common Sense.
* Patrick Henry’s famous quote:
“Give me liberty, or give me death!”
* George Washington disappoint. (his farewell address)
Lexington and Concord, 1775
Bunker Hill, 1775
Results: Treaty of Paris (1783) – U.S. gained all land east of Mississippi River (excluding Canada and Florida)
Change in Society due to the American Revolution:
*Many conservative Loyalists no longer in America; paved way for more democratic reforms in state governments
*Rise of anti-slavery societies in all the northern states (including Virginia): Slavery eradicated in most northern states by 1800; slavery not allowed above Ohio River in the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, slave trade to be abolished in 1808.
*By 1860, 250,000 free blacks lived in the North, but were disliked by many
*Several states forbade entrance of blacks, most blacks denied right to vote, and some states barred blacks from public schools.
*Thousands of slaves in the South were freed after the Revolution and became free blacks (Washington and Jefferson freed some slaves)
*Slavery remained strong in the South, especially after 1793 (cotton gin)
*Stronger emphasis on equality: public hatred of Cincinnati Society
*However, equality did not triumph until much later due to tenant farming, poor rights for women and children, slavery, and land requirements for voting and office holding (although reduced) were not eliminated.
*Further reduction of land-holding requirements for voting began to occur in 1820s.
*End of primogeniture and entail before 1800.
*Separation of Church and State: Jefferson’s Virginia Statute on Religious Freedom, 1786
*Anglican Church replaced by a disestablished Episcopal church in much of the South.
*Congregational churches in New England slower to disestablish (CT in 1818, MA in 1833)
*State governments: weak governors, strong legislatures, judicial branch
*sovereignty of states, republicanism
*Indians no longer enjoyed British protection and became subject to US westward expansion
*Women did not enjoy increased rights
- feme covert: women could not own property in marriage or sue or be sued in court
Ideal of “Republican Motherhood” took hold: women now seen as morally superior and should raise virtuous citizens for the republic.
And with our newly established freedom from British tyranny and a distrust of executive power, we create the Articles of Confederation.