The Civil War

Sectionalism and Causes of Civil War


Miss                           Missouri Compromise, 1820

Nully                          Nullification Controversy, 1832

Gagged                       Gag Rule, 1836

When                         Wilmot Proviso, 1848

Clay’s                        Compromise of 1850

Kangaroo                   Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854

Bit                               “Bleeding Kansas”

Dumb                         Dred Scott, 1857

John’s                        John Brown, 1859

Ear                              Election of 1860

  • 5 Land Grabs:
    • Louisiana Purchase (purchase)
    • Texas (annexation/ceding)
    • Oregon Compromise (treaty)
    • Guadalupe-Hidalgo (war spoils)
    • Kansas-Nebraska (Gadsden Purchase)
  • Compromise of 1850 – Henry Clay’s omnibus
    • Fugitive Slave Law; Ableman vs. Booth, 1859
    • CA = Free
    • UT and NM = pop sov
    • No slave trade in DC
    • TX gets $10mill in hush money

Major Battles of the Civil War:

Anaconda Plan: Union blockade of South

1st Bull Run (1861)—1st land battle of Civil War

Shiloh—1st extremely bloody battle of the war; Grant wins

Peninsula Campaign (1862): McClellan fails to take Richmond; Lee becomes commander

Antietam (1862): Lee fails to successfully invade Maryland; Lincoln issues

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg (1863): Military turning point of the war; Confederates never fully recover

Vicksburg (1863): Union gains control of Mississippi River

Grant’s Wilderness campaign and drive into Richmond: 1864-65

Appomattox Court House: Lee surrenders to Grant

Diplomacy during Civil War

Ø  Secretary of State William H. Seward
  • Trent Affair, 1862 –U.S. arrested two Confederate diplomats on a British ship.
  • Alabama issue and Laird Rams—U.S. demanded British cooperation in not helping Rebs.
    • Charles Francis Adams—U.S. ambassador to Britain who helped keep her neutral.
    • Ultimatum to French in Mexico, Maximilian—French forces left Mexico in 1867
    • Purchase of Alaska, 1867 (“Seward’s Folly”)

Impact of the Civil War on American Society:

  • Social:
    • Abolition of slavery  BUT
    • Blacks disenfranchised and segregated throughout the 19th century (and beyond)
    • Economic foundation for late 19th century
      • Pacific Railway Act, 1862 (transcontinental railroad)
      • National Banking Act, 1863
      • Morrill Tariff (increase)
      • Homestead Act, 1862
      • MorrillLand Grant Act
      • Constitutional:
        • 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
        • States could not leave the Union
        • Political:
          • Republicans dominated the White House for the next 50 years.
          • “Solid South”: Southern “Redeemers” eventually regained control of the South


Republican Agenda during the Civil War

A                     Abolitionism

P                     Pacific Railway Act

History           Homestead Act

Makes             Morrill Tariff

Me                  MorrillLand Grant Act

Nauseous       National Banking Act

Now begins the Reconstruction of our country.


2 responses to “The Civil War

  1. Pingback: Map of the US History Guide | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

  2. Pingback: That Peculiar Institution: Slavery | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

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