The Revolution of 1800: Jefferson’s Era

JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRACY (“G” I HATE LAMB)

 

“G” allatin – secretary of the treasury who reduces the national debt

 

I mpeachment of Samuel Chase, 1804

 

H amilton’s plan kept by Jefferson (except excise taxes)

A grarian empire (westward expansion)

T ripolitan War

E mbargo Act, 1807

 

L ouisiana Purchase, 1803

A rmy reduced in size (Federalists lose major center of power)

M arbury vs. Madison, 1803

B urr Conspiracies (1804 in New York and 1806 in the West)

 

Republican vision: virtuous, educated Americans—“crusade against ignorance”

Min v maj: Minorities invite bad decision making with monopolies. Majorities are mindless mobs; economy = self-sufficient and agrarian; state > national; strict constructionist (10th amendment)

 

Noble Savage Policy—NA are reformable. They can move west, die, or assimilate

 

Marbury vs. Madison—Legitimizes the Judiciary branch.

War of 1812: “Second war of Independence”

  • Events leading up to war:
    • Impressment of U.S. sailors by British and incitement of Indians along the western frontier.
    • Orders-in-Council, 1807
    • Embargo Act, 1807: retaliation for British Orders-in-Council and French Berlin Decree
    • Chesapeake-Leopard incident, 1807
    • Napoleon’s Continental System
    • Non-Intercourse Act, 1809—U.S. would trade with any country except Britain & France.
    • Macon’s Bill #2, 1810—U.S. would trade with the country that first stopped attacking U.S. ships; Napoleon accepted though he didn’t intend to honor the agreement
    • War Hawks: Westerners sought to conquer Canada and remove the Indian threat in the West
  • The War
    • Major Battles:
      • Great Lakes: Oliver Hazard Perry
      • WashingtonD.C. burned
      • Battle of New Orleans, 1815, Andrew Jackson
      • Hartford Convention, 1814: Federalists propose new amendments to the Constitution; a few urge secession; the Federalists are now seen as traitors and the party dies in 1816
      • Treaty of Ghent, 1815—Ends War of 1812; officially, status quo remains

Post-War Diplomacy

Secretary of State John Quincy Adams

  • Rush-Bagot Treaty, 1817 – disarmament along U.S.-Canadian Border
  • Convention of 1818 – established U.S.-Canadian border along 49th parallel to Rocky Mts.
  • Adams-Onis Treaty (Florida Purchase Treaty), 1819
  • Monroe Doctrine, 1823
  • Results of War of 1812:

Status quo with regard to territory; no mention of pre-war U.S. grievances

Increased nationalism in U.S., “Era of Good Feelings”

Rush Bagot Treaty of 1817 results in disarmament along U.S.-Canadian border

Beginning of industrial revolution–Embargo Act forced U.S. to produce own goods

Almost imperceptibly, the Federalists and Anti-Federalists merge into one big and happy party. This time is known as the Era of Good Feelings.

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2 responses to “The Revolution of 1800: Jefferson’s Era

  1. Pingback: Map of the US History Guide | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

  2. Pingback: The Federalist Era | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

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