Westward, Ho!

  • Westward colonial expansion: Anglo-Powhatan War, Pequot War, King Philip’s War, etc.
  • Washington’s Ohio Mission, 1754
  • Treaty of Paris, 1783: U.S. gets land west to the Mississippi River
  • Treaty of Greenville, 1795: OhioValley is cleared of Native Americans
  • Louisiana Purchase, 1803: Jefferson’s desire for an agrarian empire
  • Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811
    • Defeat of Shawnee Confederacy (led by Tecumseh and the Prophet)
      • OhioValley cleared of last of hostile Native Americans
    • War Hawks in west want more western lands (and Canada)
  • Rush-Bagot Treaty, 1817: disarmament along the Great Lakes
  • Convention of 1818: U.S.-Canadian border from Great Lakes to Lake of the Woods
  • Florida Purchase Treaty, 1819  (Adams-Onis Treaty)
    • Andrew Jackson in Florida
    • First Seminole War
  • Missouri Compromise, 1820: 3 provisions: Maine, Missouri, 36-30’
  • Land Act of 1920 (and subsequent land acts) = smaller tracts of land available for cheaper price
  • Black Hawk War, 1832 – Black Hawks removed in Illinois
  • Indian Removal Act, 1830
    • Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 1831
    • Worcester v. Georgia, 1832
    • “Trail of Tears”: Choctaw, Creek, Cherokee, Seminole
    • 2nd Seminole War
  • “Manifest Destiny” (1840s)  [TOM = Texas, Oregon, Mexican Cession]
    • Annexation of Texas by President Tyler, 1845
    • President Polk’s 4-Point Plan: COIL
      • California
      • Oregon
      • Independent Treasury System
      • Lower Tariff
    • Oregon
      • Oregon Trail: Jedediah Smith
      • WillametteValley
      • “54-40’ or Fight!”
      • Oregon Treaty, 1846: 49th parallel
    • California
      • U.S. desire for a gateway to Asia
      • Slidell’s mission to Mexico City
    • Mexican War: 1846-1848
      • Border dispute: Nueces River vs. Rio Grande River
      • Polk angry that Santa Anna won’t sell California
      • Polk asks Congress for declaration of war
      • Zachary Taylor invades northern Mexico; wins Battle of Buena Vista
      • Winfield Scott seizes Vera Cruz, takes Mexico City
      • California taken by Generals Kearney, Fremont and Commodore Sloat
      • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, 1848: Mexican Cession, California
    • Gadsden Purchase, 1853 (Southerners want transcontinental railroad in the South)
    • Alaska Purchase Treaty, 1867, William H. Seward


  • Attacks on Indians throughout American history
  • “War Hawk” designs on Canada, 1812
  • Florida, 1819
  • Mexican War, 1846-48
  • Clayton Bulwer Treaty, 1850
  • Pierce’s “Young America” plan: Ostend Manifesto
  • Walker Expedition
  • Spanish-American War
  • Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

Westward expansion also called into question several issues, among them women’s rights and slavery, which will ultimately lead to the Civil War.


2 responses to “Westward, Ho!

  1. Pingback: Map of the US History Guide | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

  2. Pingback: The Market Revolution: 1790-1860 | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

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