Women’s Rights: The Reawakening of Feminism

Finally! Something I can relate to!

18th century: Abigail Adams and Mercy Otis Warren

Mid-19th century:

Seneca Falls Convention: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott,

Susan B. Anthony, et. al.

Late 19th century

National Women’s Suffrage Association: Stanton and Anthony  (no men)

American Women’s Suffrage Association: Lucy Stone (allowed men

Merger of two organizations = National American Women’s Suffrage Association

Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) led by Francis Willard was most important

20th century

Carrie Chapman Catt’s “Winning Plan”

Alice Paul – militant tactics – ERA

19th Amendment (1920) – impact of WWI

Margaret Sanger, birth control

 

The Rebirth of Feminism: The evolution to one of the most powerful movements in history. This is the Second Wave.

-Betty Friedman’s The Feminine Mystique: “suburban concentration camp”

-establishes NOW to denounce sexism, mainly in the workplace

-JFK est. President’s Commission on the Status of Women, bringing national attention to sexual discrimination and creates a network for feminists

Equal Pay Act passes, barring wage inequality

Title IX incorporated into Civil Rights Act of 1964, extending the rights of blacks to women

– With the New Left, it causes bra burning and harsh critiques of the patriarchy

Expanding Achievements

Sexism à Racism: Schools are desegregating and 2-career houses are increasingly common (probably b/c inflation, but wtv)

-Women were postponing marriage, retaining their last names, and using Ms.

-more and more went to white collar jobs, athletes, politics

Equal Rights Act failed to pass because of the nonfeminist women who feared a disruption in cultural norms. not ratified ¾ of states until 1982

-Election of 1984 = Geraldine Ferraro

Changes for women in the work place:

Throughout 19th century and first half of 20th century, work was considered inappropriate for middle-class women.

Exceptions:

Women worked in WWI; “Rosie the Riveter” in WWII – 258,000 served in military

>>After WWII: women expected to go back home – many stayed in the workplace

Reemergence of cult of domesticity in the 1950s—some women began demand for opportunities in the workplace.

Sexuality

“Republican Motherhood”

“Cult of Domesticity” or “Cult of True Womanhood”

Comstock Law, 1873 – the “New Morality”

Automobile

1920s –Flappers

1910s & 1920s: Birth control, Margaret Sanger

1960s: the “pill” starts sexual revolution

AIDS in the 1980s and 1990s

The Abortion Controversy

One of the most important issues in Women’s Rights, in which women fought for control over their reproductive and sexual rights

-Introduction of the pill grants women new freedom in sex

Roe vs. Wade changes all of the legislature regarding abortion, granting the right to abort within the first trimester based on the “right to privacy” first brought up in Griswold vs. Connecticut

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2 responses to “Women’s Rights: The Reawakening of Feminism

  1. Pingback: Map of the US History Guide | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

  2. Pingback: The Battle For Equality | Surviving High School: A Hypocrat in a Perpetual State of Procrastination·

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