Finally! Something I can relate to!
18th century: Abigail Adams and Mercy Otis Warren
Seneca Falls Convention: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott,
Susan B. Anthony, et. al.
Late 19th century
National Women’s Suffrage Association: Stanton and Anthony (no men)
American Women’s Suffrage Association: Lucy Stone (allowed men
Merger of two organizations = National American Women’s Suffrage Association
Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) led by Francis Willard was most important
Carrie Chapman Catt’s “Winning Plan”
Alice Paul – militant tactics – ERA
19th Amendment (1920) – impact of WWI
Margaret Sanger, birth control
The Rebirth of Feminism: The evolution to one of the most powerful movements in history. This is the Second Wave.
-Betty Friedman’s The Feminine Mystique: “suburban concentration camp”
-establishes NOW to denounce sexism, mainly in the workplace
-JFK est. President’s Commission on the Status of Women, bringing national attention to sexual discrimination and creates a network for feminists
–Equal Pay Act passes, barring wage inequality
–Title IX incorporated into Civil Rights Act of 1964, extending the rights of blacks to women
– With the New Left, it causes bra burning and harsh critiques of the patriarchy
Sexism à Racism: Schools are desegregating and 2-career houses are increasingly common (probably b/c inflation, but wtv)
-Women were postponing marriage, retaining their last names, and using Ms.
-more and more went to white collar jobs, athletes, politics
–Equal Rights Act failed to pass because of the nonfeminist women who feared a disruption in cultural norms. not ratified ¾ of states until 1982
-Election of 1984 = Geraldine Ferraro
Changes for women in the work place:
Throughout 19th century and first half of 20th century, work was considered inappropriate for middle-class women.
Women worked in WWI; “Rosie the Riveter” in WWII – 258,000 served in military
>>After WWII: women expected to go back home – many stayed in the workplace
Reemergence of cult of domesticity in the 1950s—some women began demand for opportunities in the workplace.
“Cult of Domesticity” or “Cult of True Womanhood”
Comstock Law, 1873 – the “New Morality”
1910s & 1920s: Birth control, Margaret Sanger
1960s: the “pill” starts sexual revolution
AIDS in the 1980s and 1990s
The Abortion Controversy
One of the most important issues in Women’s Rights, in which women fought for control over their reproductive and sexual rights
-Introduction of the pill grants women new freedom in sex
–Roe vs. Wade changes all of the legislature regarding abortion, granting the right to abort within the first trimester based on the “right to privacy” first brought up in Griswold vs. Connecticut